To Go Viral, Here's What Content Has to Make You Feel
It’s impossible to predict what will “go viral” and, while all viral content has certain features in common, simply copying the methodology won’t ensure your own content goes viral. Speaking to the New York Times about his recent viral video for the subscription-based razor company Dollar Shave Club, Mike Dubin says he would never be able to replicate the video’s success (more than 10 million views on YouTube). “There’s never going to be anything like the first one that launched a new business that no one had ever heard of and did it in a fun way. That element of surprise and being new is something we will never have again.”
But all viral content shares common features. As a brand, ensuring your content also incorporates these features will improve your chances of going viral. Does your content include these features?
A Real Problem
Viral content needs to address real-world problems. You’re aiming to create content that makes readers/viewers think, “Oh, I know just what they mean! I experience this problem all the time.”
Shopping for razors, never having a matching pair of socks, dog hair on the furniture, finding a reliable babysitter … these are all real life, relatable problems. Private Jet insurance, hiring a maid, choosing an expensive watch … these are not relatable for most people.
Real-world problems are experienced by many people in all different walks of life – they’re relatable on a basic, human level. The broader and more relatable your problem – and your depiction of that problem in your content – the bigger your potential audience.
Two University of Pennsylvania professors analyzed the New York Times’ most-emailed list, and came up with a list of factors that contributed to content going viral. They discovered that posts inspiring feelings of awe, anger or anxiety are shared more often than others, with anger being the most viral emotion of all. Anger is usually generated at the topic, but since brands will usually avoid controversy if possible, awe is a pretty safe emotion to target.
So how do you inspire awe with your content? That’s where your creative team comes in – they brainstorm a variety of creative ideas – larger-than-life concepts, stunning design elements, novel ideas, hilarious hi-jinks, intelligent innovations, and raw human emotion will be combined to create the feeling of awe.
“The Internet is just a world passing around notes in a classroom.” – Jon Stewert.
“Web 1.0 was invented to allow physicists to share research papers. Web 2.0 was created to allow people to share pictures of cute cats.” – Ethan Zuckerman.
Most viral campaigns are shared so widely because they make people laugh. Based-based campaigns launch many smaller brands – because they’re willing to take the risk on a style and delivery that the bigger companies won’t try. In Shut Up and Be Funny, Mike Pantoliano talks about some of the issues brands face when considering humor in a campaign, and how they can get around them.
Timing and Delivery
How you deliver your content, and when, are two vital factors often overlooked by brands. The key is to find the days or times when your content is most in demand – this might be a certain time of year, day of the week, or in conjunction with another event. For example, Dubin released his video days before the SXSW (South by Southwest) tech-expo – when the world’s media was focused around technology and innovation.
The Element of Surprise
In his article The Importance of Going First, Seth Godin explains that the originator of a novel idea will reap an outsize share of the benefits and, while attention is focused on them, turn that attention into the foundation of a great business. The second person might have a better product, or superior service, or a better price, but they will always lack that element of surprise. Says Godin, “The second person to write a story about a young boy and an escaped slave on the Mississippi wasn’t a novelist, he was a typist.”
In recent years there have been some fantastic viral campaigns invoking the element of surprise, including Samsung’s Extreme Sheep Art, where well-trained sheep were outfitted with led lights and moved around to create intricate and often hilarious artwork. And the Man Your Man Could Smell Like from Old Spice paired surreal humor with a handsome man to great effect.
You can give your content a nudge towards popularity by partnering with social influencers such as bloggers, tweeters and other social media stars, or celebrities. If these influencers are sharing your content, it gains a visibility and authority it might not have obtained by itself.
If you don’t have access to bloggers and influencers, then find your true advocates – even a small group of advocates can ignite amazing movements and help the word travel fathers.
Viral content can’t be predicted, and a successful campaign can’t be copied, but brands and content producers can still learn from successful viral campaigns. By asking why a certain campaign went viral, and adopting some of the tactics and techniques of the marketers, a brand stands a much better chance of obtaining that elusive marketing prize.
Originally posted in Quartz (The Atlantic Publication)
Ekaterina Walter is a co-founder and CMO at Branderati. She is a social media trailblazer and an author of the Wall Street Journal bestseller “Think Like Zuck: The Five Business Secrets of Facebook's Improbably Brilliant CEO Mark Zuckerberg”. A recognized business and marketing thought leader, she is a sought-after international speaker and a regular contributor to leading-edge print and ...
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